photo of Brenda Rapp

Brenda Rapp

Professor and Chair

Krieger 135 | Krieger 131C (lab)
By appointment
410-516-5248 | 410-516-5244 (lab)
brapp1@jhu.edu
Curriculum Vitae
Group/Lab Website
Google Scholar Profile

Biography
Teaching
Publications
Books

Words....Even a single word has great power to inform or provoke us. My primary research interests lie in furthering our understanding of the cognitive processes and neural substrates that support written and spoken word production and comprehension.

At a cognitive level, this work includes examining questions such: What do we know when we know the spellings of words? To what extent are lexical phonological orthographic, semantic and syntactic processes independent from one another? If they interact, at what level of processing? And, in what manner? Most of this work involves the detailed examination of the language performance of individuals who have suffered neural injury (typically from stroke) that has affected language functions. These cognitive neuropsychological data provide a "window" into the organization and internal structure of lexical processing mechanisms. In this context, I have particular interests in written word production (spelling) and dysgraphia.

At the neural level, I am interested in understanding the neural substrates that support written language production (spelling) and comprehension (reading), as well as in understanding the changes that support new orthographic learning in neurally intact individuals and the recovery of written language function in cases of neural injury. This work contributes to furthering our understanding of neural plasticity and involves using fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging).

I am very interested in the question of how neural data can be used to answer cognitive questions. This research currently involves the application of multi-voxel pattern analysis techniques to fMRI data.

I also carry out research on somatosensory representation/reorganization, spatial frames of reference and the perception of second language phonology.

  • 050.203/080.203 Cognitive Neuroscience
  • 050.318/080.400 Practicum in Language Disorders
  • 050.311 The Literate Mind and Brain
  • 050.602 Topics in Cognitive Neuropsychology
  • 050.802 Research Seminar in Cognitive Processes

Displaying the 20 most recent publications. View the Google Scholar Profile for complete publications list.

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C Hepner, M McCloskey, B Rapp
Do reading and spelling share orthographic representations? Evidence from developmental dysgraphia
Cognitive Neuropsychology, 1-25, 2017

M McCloskey, B Rapp
Developmental dysgraphia: An overview and framework for research
Cognitive Neuropsychology, 1-18, 2017

K Tsapkini, K Webster, BN Ficek, J Desmond, C Onyike, B Rapp, ...
Transcranial direct current stimulation in primary progressive aphasia: Whom does it help?
Brain Stimulation: Basic, Translational, and Clinical Research in …, 2017

D Rothlein, B Rapp
The role of allograph representations in font-invariant letter identification.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 43 (7 …, 2017

S Lukic, E Barbieri, X Wang, D Caplan, S Kiran, B Rapp, TB Parrish, ...
Right Hemisphere Grey Matter Volume and Language Functions in Stroke Aphasia
Neural plasticity 2017, 2017

CK Thompson, M Walenski, YF Chen, D Caplan, S Kiran, B Rapp, ...
Intrahemispheric Perfusion in Chronic Stroke-Induced Aphasia
Neural plasticity 2017, 2017

CK Thompson, M Walenski, YF Chen, D Caplan, S Kiran, B Rapp, ...
Research Article Intrahemispheric Perfusion in Chronic Stroke-Induced Aphasia

N Nozari, M Freund, B Breining, B Rapp, B Gordon
Cognitive control during selection and repair in word production
Language, cognition and neuroscience 31 (7), 886-903, 2016

RW Wiley, C Wilson, B Rapp
The effects of alphabet and expertise on letter perception.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 42 (8 …, 2016

B Breining, N Nozari, B Rapp
Does segmental overlap help or hurt? Evidence from blocked cyclic naming in spoken and written production
Psychonomic bulletin & review 23 (2), 500-506, 2016

L Nickels, B Rapp, S Kohnen
Introduction: challenges in the use of treatment to investigate cognition
Abingdon, Oxon, UK: Routledge, 2016

L Nickels, S Kohnen, B Rapp
Treatment as a tool for investigating cognition
Abingdon, Oxon, UK: Routledge, 2016

B Rapp
Handbook of cognitive neuropsychology: what deficits reveal about the human mind
Psychology Press, 2015

B Rapp, J Purcell, AE Hillis, R Capasso, G Miceli
Neural bases of orthographic long-term memory and working memory in dysgraphia
Brain 139 (2), 588-604, 2015

D Rothlein, B Rapp
Behavioral and neural evidence of stored letter shape and abstract letter identity representations.
Journal of vision 15 (12), 913-913, 2015

B Rapp, S Fischer-Baum, M Miozzo
Modality and morphology: What we write may not be what we say
Psychological science 26 (6), 892-902, 2015

L Nickels, B Rapp, S Kohnen
Challenges in the use of treatment to investigate cognition
Cognitive neuropsychology 32 (3-4), 91-103, 2015

M Miozzo, K Rawlins, B Rapp
How verbs and non-verbal categories navigate the syntax/semantics interface: Insights from cognitive neuropsychology
Cognition 133 (3), 621-640, 2014

J Medina, M McCloskey, H Coslett, B Rapp
Somatotopic representation of location: evidence from the Simon effect.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 40 (6 …, 2014

JJ Purcell, J Shea, B Rapp
Beyond the visual word form area: The orthography–semantics interface in spelling and reading
Cognitive neuropsychology 31 (5-6), 482-510, 2014